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Family Resilience: Protective and Vulnerability Factors in Times of Transition

Family Resilience: Protective and Vulnerability Factors in Times of Transition

Name:
Jillian Caldwell

Department:
Human Development and Family Science

Abstract:
Deinstitutionalization represents a shift for families of individuals with intellectual disability in the way services and supports are provided and requires families to navigate complex service systems to obtain resources for their relatives. These challenges may lead to enhanced risk to the family system; thus, factors that protect or inhibit positive adaptation should be explored. Using the Family Resilience Model, the current study explores family empowerment as a protective factor and individual characteristics as vulnerability factors in the context of the significant risk of mandated deinstitutionalization. Specific research questions include: (1) Does family empowerment predict family resilience? and (2) Do individual characteristics (e.g., family member age, years institutionalized for relative with ID) moderate the relationship between family empowerment and family resilience? Preliminary results indicate a significant positive association between total family empowerment and family resilience. Regression analysis will be used to determine specific relations between empowerment and resilience and will test whether demographic variables moderate the relationship.